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Kawasaki
09 Of january 2017

 

Acala the history of Kawasaki disease can be considered 1876, when Shozo Kawasaki (Shozo Kawasaki) founded the Shipyard Tsukiji Kawasaki (Kawasaki Tsukiji Shipyard) in Tokyo. Eighteen years later, in 1896, she became part of Kawasaki Dockyard Co., Ltd.

Shot Kawasaki was born in Kagoshima in the family of merchant kimono, at age 17, he had already been trading in Nagasaki, at the time the only place in Japan that was open to the West. He began shipping business in Osaka in 27 years, and failed, when his cargo ship sank during a storm. In 1869, he joined the company, selling sugar from the Ryukyu Islands (now the Prefecture of Okinawa), founded by samurai Kagoshima, and in 1893, investigated sugar from the Ryukyu Islands and sea routes to the Islands on demand of the Ministry of Finance. In 1894, he was appointed Executive Vice-President of Mail, Shipping companies of Japan (Japan Mail Steam-Powered Shipping Company), and succeeded in opening of the sea route to the Ryukyu and transportation of sugar to the Islands of Japan.

After many Maritime accidents, Kawasaki became more trust in Western courts, because they were more spacious, stable and faster than the typical Japanese court. At the same time, he was very interested in modern shipbuilding industry. In April, 1878, with the support of Masayoshi Matsukata (Masayoshi Matsukata, Vice Minister of Finance, who was from the same province that and Kawasaki, he founded the Shipyard Tsukiji Kawasaki (Kawasaki Tsukiji Shipyard) on borrowed land from the government near the river Sumidagawa (Sumidagawa), Tsukiji Minami-Iizaka-cho (currently Tsukiji 7-chome, Chuo-ku, Tokyo, a major step forward as a shipbuilder.

 Legend Kawasaki motorcycles


More than forty years ago Kawasaki began full-scale production of motorcycles. The first engine for motorcycle was developed based on the technical know-how obtained from the development and production of aircraft engines Kawasaki. Output in industry Led-Motorcycle this aspiration Kawasaki develop new technologies. During these years were issued numerous new models, which helped to shape the market, and was created a lot of Motorcycles Legends of their time, based on the speed and strength equipment Kawasaki. In 1996 was 10 million motor vehicle.

The project Kawasaki 1952

 
KE-1 Engine motorcycle finished Kawasaki Machine Industry come from Kawasaki Aircraft Company, factory Takatsuki. Avia Engineers started working on KE in 1949. Mass production begins in 1953. With air cooling, 148cc, OHV, with a maximum capacity of 4 HP 4. 000 revolutions per minute.



Kawasaki 1955



Start of production of engine KB-5 (the Company Kawasaki Aircraft, SVOD Kobe). Responsive in low and mid receives excellent reputation among motorcyclists. Within the next 10 years Kawasaki KB-5 has been updated several times and provided a basis for 125ccm engines Kawasaki. In the same year it was released Meihatsu 125-500 , equipped KB-5.



Kawasaki 1956


In 1956 debuts Meihatsu 125 Delux. 1957 production of the improved version KB 5 engines, KB-5A. It was also the first year when the patch "Kawasaki" was printed on a Motorcycle.


Meihatsu 125 Delux, as he said, was "Wear-resistant Kawasaki Engine" Meihatsu 125 Delux (Kawasaki Meihatsu Industries) has developed a maximum speed of 120 km/h for the test log "motorcycle industry magazine, setting a record in its category. In a separate test Kawasaki engine proved a phenomenal iznosoustojchivostju, skimming over 50, 000 miles without any consequences


Kawasaki 1960


In 1960 Kawasaki finishing the construction of a production line in a factory. Devoted exclusively to the production and sales of motorcycle Kawasaki 125 New Ace.
 

Kawasaki 1961


In 1961 started selling Kawasaki Pet and Kawasaki 125B7. Using the most advanced materials and unusual external motorcycle design, the project has received a high estimation of the public.
 

Kawasaki 1962


In 1962 started selling Kawasaki125B8. Designed and manufactured exclusively by the Airline Kawasaki, was awarded the title of practical motorcycle # 1 thanks torque at low engine speeds, noiseless motor and high wear resistance.
 

Kawasaki 1963



In 1963, B8M Motocrosser took the first six positions in the Tournament Motocross Hyogo Prefecture.


Awe-inspiring Red-Tank Furore" All motorcycles Kawasaki reached the finish line having completed the race, and has proven that "Kawasaki" reliable and trouble-free equipment in races on a heavy off-road. Later in the Tournament Motocross Fukui Prefecture, technique Kawasaki won all stages of the race. And at tournaments took place in Western Japan, motorcycles Kawasaki were the winners in most events, despite not competition last year. Vydayuschiesya achievements "Red-Tank Furore" (named for the prominent red tank) earned astrosat rivals reputation.
 
Kawasaki 1966

 
International recognition as a major producer of motorcycles, Kawasaki received thanks to the popularity of model
Kawasaki 650W1 in the USA.


Also in 1966, was held the first sale of motorcycles series A1 (engine capacity of 250 cubic meters). It was the first motorcycle in its class equipped by the engine with air cooling, 2-tact, 2-spindle lathe and turning Poppet valve. Motorcycle A1 demonstrated phenomenal performance.


Outstanding Grand Prix achievements in the races. In the finals of the World Championship (FIM) in 1966 the first Grand Prix winner motorcycle CAS Special (CAS Unique)(engine cab) finished on 7-th and 8-th place. Japanese motorcycle Championship A1R (250 cube) finished second. In Singapore at the championship Grand Prix winners, motorcycle A7R (350 cube) took the 1st and 2nd place, and the bike A1R (250 cube) finished 2nd and 3rd. In the finals of the World Championship (FIM) on Competition in Japan motorcycle KA-2 with engine liquid-cooled, 4-stroke ( engine capacity 124 Cuba), equipped with the first in the world rare exhaust unit, took 3-th and 4-th place and proved technological superiority of the company Kawasaki 1969


In 1968 he began selling motorcycle H1 (500 cubic meters) (500SS Mach-III in Japan). This motorcycle is the fastest in its class with a maximum speed of 200 km/h along with triple-cylinder, 2-clock air-cooled engine.
Nick »Bronco» is securely attached to the motorcycle N1 and marked the beginning of Epoha King Legendary Speed Kawasaki.
 

The Birth Of The World Champion
On the World Championship Races FIM motorcyclist Dave Simmons on the Kawasaki motorcycle with engine capacity of 125 cube series KR1 won the Grand Prix Championship of West Germany and on the Isle of Mann, and also a series of other Championships.

In 1972 started overseas sale motorcycle series Z1 (900 cubic meters). Sale of domestic version Z2 (750 cubic meters) began the following year.


The Birth Of The Legendary King Power.


Motorcycle Z1, with the world's first engine (4-cylinder) with air cooling, dual overhead camshaft and other impressive specifications became the world's most powerful motorcycle.
5 years of the «new York steak» underwent different modifications until it became a bestseller.
The domestic version Z2 in Japan was wildly popular.
Many years abroad version Z1 was known as the «King of Motorcycles, even to our time many mania to this bike has remained. The popular version Z2 in Japan soared to # 1 thanks to readers of magazines about motorcycles. Motorcycle received a new name «the Myth Z».

In 1977, the company sells new version Z1-R (1,000 cubic metres). This motorcycle was awarded with a praise abroad due to the stylish look.

1978

In 1978, the company produces for sale version Z1300. «Fearless» has become known thanks to the biggest in Japan the engine (1300 cubic meters). This motorcycle was proud of 4-stroke, line 6 - cylinder engine with liquid cooling with double overhead camshaft. Show Engines in Cologne has become the reference point of a new era of the Legendary Monster Kawasaki.

 

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Harley-Davidson
09 Of january 2017

 

The name of this amenity company correctly written as «Harley-Davidson», but in our country traditionally taken a little changed the pronunciation and spelling. So, the two school friend of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, William Harley (William Harley and Arthur Davidson (Arthur Davidson) at the beginning of the 20th century built 167-CC engine for your boat, following the model of the engine of «De Dion». Then they set the motor on the bike, but found a lack of power. Not bear loads and rickety Bicycle frame, so in 1903 appeared much more solid machine. 405-CC engine with automatic filling valve with power 3 PS allowed to take any of the UPS without having to pedal. Reinforced frame with loop-shaped bend in the lower part made it possible to locate the motor is to lower the center of gravity. The transmission to the rear wheels flat belt had idler pulley, played the role of coupling. The design was so good that its creators, which was soon joined elder brothers Arthur Davidson Walter (Walter and William (William) - a few years was not engaged its modernization, focusing on the organization of production.

In 1907 motorcycle with a new motor (440 cm3, 4 HP) received korotkovichi forward fork long spring struts - a very effective site that motorcycles company was fitted to the late 40-ies. Then William Harley started work on two-cylinder V-shaped engine (810 cm3, Ls) with automatic intake valves, which debuted in 1909 on the model 5D», but his work was not recognized as satisfactory.

More advanced two-cylinder version 7D» was presented in 1911. Saving dimension, a new engine was a mechanical actuator top of the intake valves. Reinforced frame differed direct front pipe and two upper pipes, between which housed a tank of gas. In 1912 the modified configuration of the upper frame tube has allowed to lower the height of the saddle. Working volume of a two-cylinder motor rose to 989 cm3 and a power-up to 8 HP (model «HE»). In picking motorcycles appeared options with a drive to the rear wheel and chain with a clutch at the back of the hub.

New single-cylinder model «5-35» debuted in 1913. Engine (565 cm3, 5 PS) received mechanical drive top of the inlet valve. In 1914, the equipment of all motorcycles entered a two-stage gearbox to the rear wheel hub, a year later it was replaced by a three-stage, installed behind the engine. News of 1915 were a generator and electric light.

In the effort to win the championship racing in 1913 Harley-Davidson formed racing Department. For special sport model was invited William Ottawa (William Ottaway), who have previously worked in the company «tor». For the season of 1917 Ottawa has designed a two-cylinder V-shaped engine with 4-valve cylinder heads (998 cm3, 15 HP). But their potential is the creation manifested already in the 20-ies: America entered world war I, and the company switched to the production of motorcycles for the military.

When it came time of peace, to replace single-cylinder models come very unusual machine - 19W Sport». Explicitly created with an eye on the British «Douglas», she received a two-cylinder boxer Nizhnekamsky engine (584 cm3, 6 HP, cylinders which were located along the frame. The model was produced in five years, but enjoyed much greater popularity in the USA, and on foreign markets since the company Harley-Davidson, issued in 1920 28 thousand cars, left on one of the first places in the world on manufacture of motorcycles and had more tysyach dealers in 67 countries).

In 1917 was made the first machine «17J» with 1000-kubovy two-cylinder V-shaped engine, and in 1921 debuted two 1207-m3 version of this bike. Model «J» received battery ignition system, and on the model of the «FD» stood magneto. The new frame, which allowed to decrease the height of the saddle, and characteristic of drop-shaped petrol tank of the motorcycle received in 1925. In the same year, the company introduced a new single-cylinder model «And»vertical Nizhnekamsky engine displacement of 346 cm3 and 8 HP Through debut its verhnekamsky version of «AA» with a capacity of 12 HP, on the basis of which was created sport bike «Picuter» (peashooter - rifle), successfully acting in road and track races. In the same year, 1926 came to market upgraded modification «JD» (1207 cm3, 24 HP), and her version of «JDS» with deformirovanii engine and lower ratios in the transmission intended for operation with a sidecar. In 1929 replaced 350-kubovy machines was replaced by the more «respectable» Nizhnekamsky model «With» (493 cm3,10.5 HP).

Meanwhile, Harley-Davidson was working on a new family of two-cylinder V-shaped Nizhnekamsky motors. First in 1929 debuted model «D» (738 cm3, 15 HP). It forced variant of the «DL» develop the capacity of 18.5 PS one year to replace the old machines series «J» came Nizhnekamsky 1207-a cube series (27-strong «V» and a 30-strong «VL»). At first motorcycles were suffering from childhood diseases: «D» hastily had to develop a new heavy-duty frame and for «V» -more massive flywheel and clutch. But by 1932, these deficiencies have been eliminated, which, however, has not helped to avoid a dramatic drop in sales caused by the economic crisis. In 1930, the company has produced about 17,000 motorcycles, and in 1933 - just 3703 instance. In an attempt to develop new markets in 1932, the company released «Service» (Servicar) -three-wheeled cargo variant model «D».

Debuted in 1936, the «E» has become for the company Harley-Davidson breakthrough in several directions. The new engine displacement of 998 cm3 was equipped with upper valves and circulating lubrication dry sump (previously motors company was equipped with lubrication system «burnout»). The engine develops an output of 37 PS in the basic variant and 40 PS in the accelerated version of the «ES». In a separate unit was located four-speed transmission. The motorcycle was hard to curl duplex frame and the instrument panel on the gas tank. In the history of this model was entered under the name «Nakled» (knucklehead - the articulated head), received for the peculiar shape of the upper lids. In the version «ES» motorcycle speeds up to 150 km/h, and in 1937 Joe Petrol (Joe Petrali) clothed in paleobotanical version of the forced showed the speed 219,12 km/H.

For the season 1937 many of the changes introduced to the series «E», were introduced into the design Nizhnekamsky models of Harley-Davidson: the new design of the instrument panel, the tank, a circulating lubrication system, duplex frame and a four-speed transmission for 1207-the bottom of the machine. 738-a cube version after modernization has an index «WL», her big sister - «UL». Additionally, he started the production model «UH» with Nizhnekamsky engine (1312 cm3, 39 HP). And in 1941, the company presented a version verhnekamsky machine «F» with increased up to 13000 cm3 displacement engine.

The second world war again broke the peaceful evolution Harley-Davidson. The main model was the «WLA» - the army's version of «WL». In the war years the company has produced about 90,000 of these motorcycles. In addition, in 1942, was released about a thousand motorcycle model «HA 750»created on sample of «BMW R71»: two-cylinder boxer Nizhnekamsky engine (750 cm3, 23 HP), cardan transmission to the rear wheels, candle rear suspension.

After the war the company resumed production of «civil» version «WL», and verhnekamsky «E» and «F». The unexpected addition of the model range was introduced in 1947 easy motorcycle «S125» - cylinder two-stroke engine (123 cm3, 3 HP). Actually, this design was a military trophy: reparatory agreements the company has received documentation in German «DQC RT125».

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Ducati
09 Of january 2017

 

History Ducati inseparably connected with sports. Created almost by accident in the late 40-s the production of motorcycles in early 50's was on the decline. We had to save the situation, and the company decided that the best solution would be to declare itself in the races. Efforts Fabio Taleon idea was embodied in life. So Ducati became the company that created the civil stories based on race, and not Vice versa, and in spite of not phenomenal (at first) progress in the sport forever remain "most race".

It's paradoxical, but the history of the "race" of motoring began not with motorcycles. Founded in 1926 by a family Ducati (brothers Bruno Cavalieri, Adriano and Marcello) the company started with production of electronics. By the beginning of the second world war in the service of the "Societa Radio Brevetti Ducati" - that's exactly what the founders of the "call" your business consisted of more than 10 thousand people, and produced by the company radios, electronic components and even cameras were known all over the world. Things were going, and the brothers had not thought of the change of activity. Made some corrections war.

After the Second World life in Italy has strongly changed. The welfare and prosperity of the developing States was replaced by the devastation and poverty. The country was plunged into an era bleak post-war existence. Destroyed everything, including transportation infrastructure. Poverty and the almost complete lack of public transportation pushed the Italians on the search for an inexpensive alternative to walking the walk. It is logical that it was a Bicycle.

The idea, which originated in the head of the Italian engineer Aldo Farinelli seemed to be lying on the surface, however, an idea came to him only. A month after the end of the war in which he held a small factory SIATA he established the production of small 50 CC engine, which according to the authors followed mounted on a Bicycle. The thought was so successful that after some time the factory has ceased to cope with orders and Aldo Farinelli agreed to sell the license of the larger company. It was nationalized at the end of the war Ducati. By 1950 the plant in Borgo Panigale, Bologna produced 200 thousand "puppies" - so the engine was named because of the characteristic sound of the exhaust, reminding barking puppy. Except engines by the time the plant was collected and the first Ducati motorcycle - 65-CBM TL-65. So grandiose success, seemingly dubious beginnings, much has changed. Motorcycle division no longer resembled a business for extra income and required constant attention. Because in 1953, the company was divided into two: Ducati Meccanica SpA and Ducati Elettrotecnica (the latter was renamed again in 1980, Ducati Energia).

1954 marked by the event, which predetermined the development of the company. They come in Ducati young and talented engineer Fabio Taglioni. Fabio was the author of most of the innovations, Ducati, including unique technology Desmo. His technical genius made Ducati star motorsports.

Developed Fabio Taglioni-cylinder 98-year-CC dewatering motorcycle became the ancestor of a victorious series Ducati motorcycles. The first serious victory bike won in 1955. Gran Sport running talented pilot Gianni Degli Antoni won nine-day race Motogiro d'italia in its class. He even beat most of 250 cubic competitors and even more modern Benelli. Even the Creator Marianna (100cc) - that was the name motorcycle later, he was surprised by the result demonstrated Anthony. The phenomenal success Gran Sport has forced the company to intensify the work on the new 125 cubic model, which was to take part in Grand Prix racing - at that time the most prestigious world competitions. Taleon created a bike in record time. July 15, 1956 motorcycle was presented 40 thousand army of fans of racing Grand Prix in Sweden. Together with all of you are acquainted with the bike and Degli Antoni... However, despite all difficulties, Degli won the race in Sweden, ahead Olle of Nigran for 3 seconds, and brought Ducati first victory in the Grand Prix.

However, grandiose successes Ducati racing career did not last long. Two months later, in practice, the previous Italian Grand Prix, Degli Antoni dies, lost control. Replaced him Alberto Gandossi was unable to repeat the success, Anthony. As a result, Ducati was forced to abandon its racing program for the entire 57 year, focusing only on developing new and improving existing products. And in 1958 the motorcycle Ducati DESMO confidently performed in the race of the Big Prizes, questioned the dominance of MV Agusta. Although to champion it never came, this success Ducati became hardly probable not the most important in the history of the company for already several years later place leaders for a long time was fixed for Japanese manufacturers.

In October 1959 Fabio Taglioni began work on a new two-cylinder 250 kubovy motor. It is based on the proven 125 CC engine Ducati. And on December 10, 1959, the General Director of the company Ducati Mechanics Giuseppe Montano officially introduced Mike Hailwood as the pilot of a new motorcycle DESMO SS. Mike was supposed to take part in the races of the World Cup in 1960, the launch of which was scheduled for spring.

Regardless of what the testing of a new bike too was held in Monza, the Englishman Mike demanded additional tests. He believed that the slow and uneven Italian highway motorcycle could not achieve its full potential, and therefore it should be examined and Silverstone (every Sandpiper praises its own swamp). Thus, in March 1960 bike arrived in the United Kingdom. It should be noted that in some way he was right. In the first days of Mike was able to lap 2 minutes 10 seconds and later continued to improve his time. By the time his official debut on the English track, which was held on April 9, Mike set an absolute record of the circle and a maximum speed of developing 147 km/H.

However, this is the first Golden era Ducati and ended. The parish in motorcycle Japanese brands initially forced the European model of transition to more “cubic” classes, and then for a long time drove them from the race Grand Prix. So, in 1961 Europeans no longer has a place in the classroom 125 and s, and since 1970 press on them and in the most prestigious, 500-CC class. Another 5 years (mostly, through the efforts of Giacomo Agostini) first place kept MV Agusta, however, the transition of the first pilot team Yamaha dealt a crushing blow to the positions of the European manufacturers in the race world Championship. It is noteworthy that in the history of the Grand Prix of the time have not been designated for Ducati. However, there is nothing surprising in the fact was not. As a public company, Ducati in the late 60s and early 70s were not paid due attention to the race. The rules were dictated by the state, which is not seen "the ride" absolutely no sense.

Big breakthrough in technological development of the company took place in the 1970s, when the world saw the legendary 750GT. There are several hypotheses about the emergence of a new motor. Especially interesting here is this. In the early 1960s Fabio Taglioni, fulfilling the American order, led the development of four-cylinder petrol engine capacity of 1300 cm3. The engine was created, however, afraid of the (bike speeds over 200 km/h), customer abandoned the idea. Realizing that demand among the broad spectrum of consumer product use will not, Taleon just "cut" motor in half, slightly increasing the amount of “half”. So there was a two-cylinder L-shaped 750 CC engine Ducati. The main success DESMO-version of this bike was the victory Sex Smarth on race Imola-200”.
    
The next page in the glorious history Ducati became motorcycle 900SS. The story of his success is inextricably linked with one of the main legends of world of motorcycle racing. Talking about the triumphal returning to motorcycling Mike Hailwood after participating in the races “first” formula. In 1977 at Silverstone he met Steve Wayne. After a short conversation Wayne invited Mike to try a new bike Ducati. Mike liked the motorcycle, and jokingly he suggested Wayne speak in the race Isle of Man TT next year. Steve, apparently, the joke was not understood, and a little later Halved has signed a contract with him.

The race Wayne brought three specially prepared Ducati bike. Motorcycle develop the capacity of 87 PS and surpassed even four-cylinder prototype Honda. However, regardless of the level of training, capacity of a bike and Grand talent of Halvad, few expected such a phenomenal success. Mike won not only the Isle of Man TT, but a week later shamed “invincible Japanese” in Mallory Park!
In 1979, came to light is the fastest serial periodby model - Ducati 500 Pantah, which was later supplemented versions of 350 and 600 SS. Meanwhile, in the early 1980s over the company threatened. Manufacture of motorcycles did not bring a profit, and the state has to think about the sale of the company. In 1983 between the Corporation Cagiva, the Italian government and Ducati agreement was made, and the company for the first time in 40 years have changed ownership. Fortunately, the new owners do not have to shut down (though the logic of this from them and demanded) and production of motorcycles was saved. Was saved and the brand, but the main power worked on ensuring power units Cagiva motorcycles. However, no matter what, exactly brothers and Claudio Gianfranco Castiglioni led Ducati her second Golden era.

Its beginning was laid 851-kubovy bike, designed by engineer Massimo Bordi. In 1988 Marco Lucchinelli won the first race of the World Superbike Championship in “Donington Park”. Already in 1990 modification 851SBK running Raymond Roche won the first title. Over the next 15 years Ducati only five(!) inferior crown champion another brand. In fact, we can say that the Superbike championship was created specially for Ducati. Quite to the contrary case the Italians went in Grand Prix racing. Only in 2001, when the company's business went up (that even caused brothers Castiglioni to need to sell some shares to expand production), Ducati turned their eyes towards the Royal MotoGP. In December 2002 saw the light of the prototype grumpily bike from Ducati-Desmosedici. And in 2003 list of participants of the world championship of the Big Prizes joined the red team. It is noteworthy that in his first season Ducati running Larisa Capirossi could finish the season in 4th place. And in 2006, the pilot Ducati season was the third.

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